Abu Simbel

The Temples of Abu Simble  
The Temples of Abu Simbel are amongst the most interesting Pharaonic Temples. Located close to the southern border with the Sudan, it is 280 km south of Aswan and consists of two, rock-cut Temples, which both date back to the reign of King Ramses II (1290-1223 BC). Unfortunately these unique Temples suffered from the raising water of Lake Nasser while the High Dam was being built.  

Other countries, with the help of UNESCO, assisted Egypt to help save them.
The two Temples were cut in to many pieces, and then they were reconstructed again on a site 65m higher than the original location, and 200m back inland, to escape the rising water level. This great rescue operation began in June 1964 and finished in September 1968.
The first Temple was built by King Ramses II and is dedicated to the God Re-Hor-Akhty, Amon, Ptah, and King Ramses II as a deified King. Its fašade is 35m long and 30m high. The fašade has four seated colossi of the King; each one is 20m tall and represents the King seated on his throne wearing the double crown, accompanied by 3 small figures of his wives, daughters and sons flanking his legs.

Above the entrance stands the figure of Re-Hor-Akhty, while near to the summit of the fašade there are number of baboons.

Inside the Temple there is a hall, supported by Osirid shaped pillars which were cut into the rock, with walls that are decorated by battle and offering scenes. There are some side rooms leading from the hall, which are also decorated with various scenes. At the far end of the Temple is the sanctuary, which contains four statues; Re-Hor-Akhty, Amon-Re, Ptah and the deified Ramses II. The most remarkable feature of the site is that the temple is precisely oriented so that twice every year, on 22 February and 22 October, the first rays of the morning sun shine down the entire length of the temple-cave to illuminate the back wall of the innermost shrine and the statues of the four gods seated there.



The Temple of Nefertari  
The Temple of Queen Nefertari is located 120m from the Temple of Ramses II and was also built by Ramses II, dedicated to the Goddess Hathor and to his wife Queen Nefertari. Queen Nefertari was the principal, and the most beloved, wife of King Ramses II. It is also a rock-cut Temple with a fašade of about 28m long and 12m high, which contains 6 standing colossi, each one being about 11m in height. Four of them represent Ramses II and the other two represent Queen Nefertari, each is accompanied by two smaller figures of their children.  


Other Nubian Monuments:


Temple of Kalabsha  
So called after the village of Kalabsha which is located 65 KM south of Aswan dam. It originally was built on much early site that dates back to the 18th dynasty and most probably goes back to king Thothmosis and Amenhotep II.This temple is considered among the most complete temples in all of Nubia.  
Temple of Wadi Es-Sebua
it is located 150 km south of Aswan, it has a temple built by the famous king Ramsis II and it is considered the seconded biggest temple of the Nubian temples after the great temple of Abu- Simbel, The temple is known with Es-Seboua meaning in Arabic "lions, as it has an avenue of sphinxes at its entrance.

Temple of Dekka
The temple was built by the Nubian Agh Amon who ruled at the time of king Ptolemy II, and later additions were added during the Greco-Roman times.The temple is originally goes back to the 18th dynasty, during the time of Thutmosis III, Hatshepsut and Seti I and Merneptah. Like most of the other Nubian monuments it was converted into a church during the Christian era.

Temple of Moharka
Small temple that goes back the end of the Greco-Roman period, it is very simple since it is consisting of one hall with columns decorated with composite capitals.

Temple of Amada
Amada is located at 115 KM to the south of Aswan. The temple was built at the time of the new kingdom by kind Thtmaosis III and Amenhotep II, It was dedicated to the god Amon Ra, and RA Hor ľAhkty. Additions were made later on by king Thutmoes IV and it was renovated at the time of king Seti I.

Temple of Derr
This area is located 208 KM south of Aswan, the temple was rock cut during the time of king Ramses II, it was dedicated to god Petah and god Amon as well as Ramses II as a deified person. This temple was badly destroyed though out the centuries and many part of it have been reused for other building or was lost.

Tomb of Aniba
The tomb belongs to one of the officials who lived at the time of Ramses II and was called Pennut; he was overseer of the province of Aniba.